Societate şi habitat în satul românesc din Câmpia Dunării
Social unity and diversity in the Romanian village of the Danube Plain
In addition to traditional households, collective buildings were part of the image defining
rural settlements. The popular architecture reflects the concentration of historical factors, social,
political, economic and, not the least, the artistic image of their creators. For the three
major historical areas of the country, we can speak of the civilization of the wood as we can
speak about the civilization of the stone for the Mediterranean reservoir. The house represented
and still represents the symbol and name of marriage, wealth, the sum of all happy or
unhappy things in the family.
Marriage, is the first sequence of the cycle marking the founding of the family, followed
by the birth of children, baptism, and then by the parents’ divorce or death. Death has
immediate and irreparable consequences on different levels, mainly reflected on children’s
behavior, but also on the family. The extended family included the parents, children, possibly
grandparents and grandchildren, where the inheritor coexists with his family in the same
household with his parents. In the villages and fairs of municipalities, the only education of
children consisted in knowing the basic rules of beliefs.